Moscow, Russia – Circa August 2019 : Iphone XR in male hand and activated by voice Apple digital assistant Siri and text on smartphone screen: Go ahead, I’m listening..

(© DedMityay -

ESPOO, Finland — When you first unbox your shiny new iPhone or MacBook, you’re likely eager to dive in and start exploring all the exciting features. However, a startling new study by researchers Amel Bourdoucen and Janne Lindqvist from Aalto University in Finland uncovers some disturbing truths about the privacy implications of Apple’s pre-installed default apps. Their findings, based on a rigorous two-part study, shed light on the murky world of data collection and the challenges users face in protecting their personal information.

The researchers began their investigation with a comprehensive analysis of eight key default apps in Apple’s iOS and macOS operating systems: Safari, Siri, iMessage, FaceTime, Location Services, Find My, Touch ID, and Family Sharing. These apps were chosen because they are central to the Apple user experience and are interconnected, freely exchanging data across devices within the Apple ecosystem.

In the first part of the study, Bourdoucen and Lindqvist meticulously examined Apple’s public documentation, privacy policies, and user agreements related to these apps. They also conducted a thorough system evaluation, factory resetting devices and methodically testing various setup scenarios to map out the complex web of privacy configurations.

What they discovered was alarming. Many of the privacy settings for these default apps were either poorly documented or not mentioned at all in Apple’s official sources. For example, the study found that Siri continues to collect data from other apps, such as your contacts, your music preferences, and the names of your devices. Safari, Apple’s default web browser, can scoop up your IP address, browsing history, and even sensitive info like your payment methods. iMessage and FaceTime can access things like your call logs and the apps you use. This lack of transparency makes it incredibly difficult for users to understand and control what personal data is being collected and shared.

The researchers also found that privacy settings were often scattered across multiple menus and buried deep within the system settings, making them hard to locate and adjust later on. Some settings were even found to be ineffective, with data collection continuing in the background despite user attempts to disable it.

To validate these findings and gauge user understanding, the second part of the study involved in-depth interviews with Apple device owners. Participants were asked about their experiences setting up their iPhone, MacBook, or iMac, along with their knowledge of various app functionalities, and their understanding of data handling practices within the Apple ecosystem.

The interviews revealed widespread confusion and misconceptions among users. Many were surprised to learn about the extent of data collection taking place without their explicit knowledge or consent. Participants struggled to navigate the complex maze of privacy settings, often resorting to trial and error or seeking help from external sources like Google searches.

Even more concerning was the fact that some default apps, such as Family Sharing, were found to potentially introduce tension and mistrust within family relationships due to the automatic sharing of sensitive information like location data and purchase histories.

So, what can be done to address these privacy pitfalls? The researchers offer several recommendations for both Apple and users.

First and foremost, they call on Apple to drastically improve the transparency and clarity of their privacy documentation. Rather than burying critical information in lengthy, jargon-filled policies, the company should provide clear, concise, and easily accessible guides on data collection practices and user control options.

Privacy settings should be streamlined and centralized, making it simple for users to understand and manage their preferences across all default apps. The researchers also suggest implementing periodic reminders and prompts to help users stay informed and in control of their privacy choices over time.

For users, the study underscores the importance of proactively educating oneself when it comes to device privacy and security. Rather than blindly accepting default settings, take the time to explore and adjust privacy configurations to align with your personal comfort level. Be mindful of the potential implications of features like location sharing and family data synchronization.

The researchers also encourage users to provide feedback to Apple and advocate for greater transparency and user control. By voicing concerns and demands, consumers can pressure the tech giant to prioritize privacy and implement more user-friendly solutions.

Ultimately, the study by Bourdoucen and Lindqvist serves as a wake-up call for both Apple and its users. In an era where personal data is increasingly valuable and vulnerable, it is crucial that we demand better privacy protections and more transparent practices from the companies we entrust with our information. As convenient and integrated as the Apple ecosystem may be, it should not come at the cost of our fundamental right to privacy.

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  1. Emory Kendrick says:

    The privacy agreements are purposely obtuse, lengthy and well hidden. The average user is not going to read the entire agreement and if they do, is not going to give up the convenience of an app or programs by not agreeing.

    I am sure the privacy issue is much, much more invasive than we can imagine.

  2. Itancan Wasaka says:

    The article is correct. It is time to separate the lawyers from the marketing peopple in this. Keep the legal concessions. Also, explain in simple English, what the permissions are and how they work. Explain the privacy tradeoffs.

  3. Howard Weiss says:

    There’s only one way to think about security when you’re using any app, reading or writing emails, or searching and using the web: EVERYTHING you are doing is unsecured and anyone, anywhere can see what you are doing and where you’re doing it from, if they want.