There are dozens of studies, innovations, and research findings released everyday by institutions and clinics across the world. Here’s a look at some of the other notable health reports from May 5.
Patient-Derived Micro-Organospheres Enable Cutting-Edge Precision Oncology
A patient’s tumor cell response to therapy is affected by many factors, including genetic alterations, tumor microenvironment, and intratumoral heterogeneity.
Recurrent UTIs linked to gut microbiome, chronic inflammation
A new study suggests that women who get recurrent UTIs may be caught in a vicious cycle in which antibiotics given to eradicate one infection predispose them to develop another.
Why Do Some People Get Sicker than Others from COVID?
COVID-19 vaccines have saved at least a million lives in the United States alone, but for many people, a lingering fear remains: if—or when—they get hit by the coronavirus, just how bad will it be?
Heart attack mortality rate higher in the US compared to other high-income countries
When it comes to treating heart attacks, U.S. hospitals may have the latest tech and low readmission rates, but the country’s mortality rate is one of the highest among the nations included in a new study.
Investigational Mucosal COVID Vaccine Protects Against Disease and Transmission
In animal studies that mimic human exposures, an investigational COVID vaccine designed to be taken orally not only protects the host, but also decreases the airborne spread of the virus to other close contacts.
Cutting Calories and Eating at the Right Time of Day Leads to Longer Life in Mice
In a study that followed hundreds of mice over their lifespans, calorie restriction combined with time-restricted eating boosted longevity.
Understanding how sunscreens damage coral
You can love something to death. That is one way of thinking about a new Stanford University study that reveals how a common component of many sunscreens worn by coral reef-exploring tourists may hasten the demise of these endangered ecosystems.
Circadian alignment of early onset caloric restriction promotes longevity in male C57BL/6J mice
Caloric restriction (CR) prolongs lifespan, yet the mechanisms by which it does so remain poorly understood. Under CR, mice self-impose chronic cycles of 2-hour-feeding and 22-hour-fasting, raising the question whether calories, fasting, or time of day are causal.
New Study Reveals How the Brain Says ‘Oops!’
Researchers from Cedars-Sinai’s Center for Neural Science and Medicine and Department of Neurosurgery have uncovered how signals from a group of neurons in the brain’s frontal lobe simultaneously give humans the flexibility to learn new tasks—and the focus to develop highly specific skills.
Sex-heterogeneous SNPs disproportionately influence gene expression and health
Phenotypic differences across sexes are pervasive, but the genetic architecture of sex differences within and across phenotypes is mostly unknown.
Why hungry worms take risks
Whether it’s making rash decisions or feeling grumpy, hunger can make us think and act differently—“hangry,” even.
Measuring misclassification of Covid-19 as garbage codes: Results of investigating 1,365 deaths and implications for vital statistics in Brazil
The purpose of this article is to quantify the amount of misclassification of the Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) mortality occurring in hospitals and other health facilities in selected cities in Brazil, discuss potential factors contributing to this misclassification, and consider the implications for vital statistics.
UCI researchers reveal possible molecular blood signature for suicide in major depression
A University of California, Irvine-led team of researchers, along with members of the Pritzker Research Consortium, have developed an approach to identify blood biomarkers that could predict the suicide risk of major depressive disorder (MDD) patients.
Oregon State University research pushes closer to new therapy for pancreatic cancer
Research by Oregon State University has uncovered a potential new therapy for pancreatic cancer, whose survival rate is among the lowest of all malignancies.
Starting screening before age 50 is found to significantly reduce the risk and incidence of colorectal cancer in women
Screening for colorectal cancer (CRC) in women before the age of 50 can significantly reduce the risk of CRC compared to those who have no endoscopic screening or decide to initiate testing at age 50, according to a new study from Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH).
New tool more accurately uses genomic data to predict disease risk across diverse populations
Polygenic risk scores (PRS) are promising tools for predicting disease risk, but current versions have built-in bias that can affect their accuracy in some populations and result in health disparities.
Using AI to predict bone fractures in cancer patients
As medicine continues to embrace machine learning, a new study suggests how scientists may use artificial intelligence to predict how cancer may affect the probability of fractures along the spinal column.
Using AI to analyze large amounts of biological data
Researchers at the University of Missouri are applying a form of artificial intelligence (AI) — previously used to analyze how National Basketball Association (NBA) players move their bodies — to now help scientists develop new drug therapies for medical treatments targeting cancers and other diseases.
Breaking the Shield That Protects Pancreatic Cancer From Immunotherapy
Scar-like cells that make up a sizable portion of malignant pancreatic tumors and shield these cancers from immune attack are derived from mesothelial cells that line tissues and organs, a new study led by UT Southwestern researchers suggests.
‘Smart’ diaper for bedside urine testing
Now, researchers reporting in ACS Applied Nano Materials have designed a flexible sensor that fits in a diaper, measures multiple components in urine and can share those results over Bluetooth to provide real-time bedside analyses for incontinent, elderly or infant patients.
#ScinceChatIMBA: Double agents – How stomach stem cells change allegiance upon injury
A stomach adult stem cell population can fulfill two distinct functions: either help with digestion under normal conditions or take the lead on injury response.