Off-grid house with solar panels in the wilderness

Off-grid house with solar panels in the wilderness (Photo by Alex Bierwagen on Unsplash)

In a world where urban living often dominates the narrative, the allure of off-grid living beckons with promises of self-sufficiency, sustainability, and a deeper connection to nature. Escaping the confines of traditional city life, off-grid communities and remote homesteads offer a glimpse into a lifestyle characterized by simplicity and independence. Whether living among the rugged terrain of the mountains, nestled within the tranquility of a forest, or perched along the shores of a secluded coastline, the best places to live off-grid invite adventurers and seekers of freedom to embrace a life where the horizon is limitless and the rhythms of nature guide the way.

Whether you want to live off-grid to protect your data security or to explore sustainable power options, here is a list of the top seven best places to live off-grid. Our list is based off of the consensus of 11 experts versed in the off-grid lifestyle. If your recommendation didn’t make the list, let us know in the comments below!

1. Tennessee

brown field near trees
Tennessee field with trees (Photo by Will Porada on Unsplash)

At the top of the list is Tennessee, known for its beautiful landscape and abundance of natural resources. It has a temperate climate where you can experience during all four seasons. Off Grid Permaculture explains how with an average rainfall of over 50 inches, homesteaders living off-grid have ample access to legally harvest rainwater.

“One unique aspect of living off the grid in Tennessee,” notes Zendure, “is the availability of homesteading opportunities on public land. This means that individuals can apply to live and work on government-owned land for a low cost or even for free.” Many have therefore chosen to call Tennessee home because it has allowed them to use larger portions of land than other areas of the country.

The fertile land found in this state provides a growing season of over eight months per year, which is great for those looking to grow their own food. There are no restrictions on rainwater collection. It also boasts a lower cost of living than many other states. Peter Heinzl agrees, stating, “Tennessee stands out as a budget-friendly haven for off-grid enthusiasts.”

2. Missouri

green grass field with brown wooden fence
Open field in Missouri (Photo by Robert Linder on Unsplash)

Long known for being an ideal place to homestead, Missouri is one state that actually encourages living off-grid. According to Survival Sullivan, there are even areas where no zoning or building codes exist. Even though the state wants to make sure your well and septic are safe, there is little intervention to how you live out in Missouri.

The Show-Me State offers wide open spaces and an abundance of natural resources. “Missouri has cheap land prices, making it a great option for those looking for an affordable place to settle,” notes Persurvive. There are also relaxed laws concerning homeschooling so you can educate your kids as you deem best.

Missouri boasts a temperate climate, ideal for growing crops. Invest Guiding points out that, “It’s also home to Dancing Rabbit Ecovillage [a sustainable living community], which can be a valuable resource for those looking to make their off-grid home in Missouri.”

3. Texas

The Texas state flag
The Texas state flag (Photo by Pete Alexopoulos on Unsplash)

As the second largest state in the U.S., Texas offers plenty of land options with a variety of climates. Most areas have warm temperatures for much of the year. “Texas’ agricultural opportunities are vast thanks to its large size and variety of ecosystems,” explains Zero & Zen.

Renewable energy is strongly encouraged by the state of Texas, making it an ideal area for living off-grid. “The Renewable Energy Investment Tax Credit provides financial incentives for individuals who install solar panels or wind turbines on their property,” notes Zendure.

Texas is an ideal state for off-grid living. One reason is that the cost of living and the cost of property is relatively low, according to Off Grid Grandpa. Plus there are no state income taxes. All of these make it a prime location for those looking to save money.

4. Wyoming

brown wooden house on green grass field near mountain under blue sky during daytime
Barn in Wyoming (Photo by Karsten Koehn on Unsplash)

Being the least populated state in the U.S. makes Wyoming a great place to live for those desiring solitude. “Wyoming is known for its can-do and self-reliant attitude,” points out Primal Survivor. This is partly due to the remote nature of living there.

Wyoming is also popular for those who prefer a long winter and a short summer, as noted by Survival Sullivan. This can limit the variety of crops grown beyond staples. Therefore, growing your own food may take some creativity.

Invest Guiding mentions their relaxed regulations and abundance of spots with no zoning rules. This makes it a great place for mobile or tiny homes. Laws are supportive of solar and wind energy, even exempting solar equipment from sales tax and providing a rebate for the cost.

5. Montana

woman riding horse
Horseback rider in Montana (Photo by John Kakuk on Unsplash)

Having no state income tax and relatively low property taxes make Montana a financially wise place to call homePeter Heinzl notes that the real estate market reflects this with many “land options that won’t burn a hole in your pocket.”

Montana is known for its breathtaking scenery and open skies. It offers plenty of options for outdoor enthusiasts. Among the many activities to enjoy are fishing, hiking, hunting, and camping, adds Persurvive. With its long winter and average of over 100 inches of snowfall, skiing is another popular activity to enjoy in Montana.

Wondering about renewable energy? Montana offers the options of solar, wind, and hydroelectric energy. This allows you to “enjoy off-grid life with self-power production,” notes Emoffgrid.

6. Oregon

cliff with trees near shore during daytime
Oregon coast (Photo by Jordan Steranka on Unsplash)

This state offers a variety of locations for living off-grid ranging from along the coast to further inland with its more populated areas. “Oregon has a thriving homesteading culture and over 30,000 small farms in the state. You’ll find lots of local support for off-grid living, such as workshops, grant programs and farmer’s markets for selling homemade goods,” says Primal Survivor.

As long as you don’t mind the frequent rain, this beautiful state could be the ideal place to call your new home. Oregon boasts a growing season of over 200 days. Living off the land won’t be a problem here when it comes to growing your own food (Ecoflow).

There are plenty of inexpensive land options, too. It also does not have a general sales tax. Invest Guiding also notes, “the state values renewable energy and offers incentives for setting up off-grid solutions.”

7. Maine

house near
House in Maine (Photo by Keith Luke on Unsplash)

The New England state of Maine is known for its stunning coastlines, streams, and rivers. These provide a variety of seafood options to choose from wherever you settle down. Zero & Zen notes, “Maine offers vast forests, a low population density, and access to freshwater sources.”

Looking to use renewable energy to lower your costs and environmental impact? Off Grid Grandpa reports that Maine also offers several incentives and rebates, making it even more affordable to set up shop there. Solar, wind, and hydropower are all available in Maine.

Winters are long and cold in Maine. Therefore the growing season is short. Primal Survivor notes that greenhouse and aquaculture are popular agricultural options. So if you’re looking for a New England alternative to the other states listed as the top seven best states for living off-grid, Maine might be the place for you.

Your Off-Grid Living Checklist

When deciding to make your home off-grid, there are many things to consider:

  • Essential resources like water, energy, and food
  • Financial considerations of initial costs, ongoing expenses, and continued income
  • Legal aspects of zoning, permits, property taxes, and waste management
  • Skills and knowledge of maintenance and repair, food production, and emergency care
  • Lifestyle changes which may result in limited convenience, connectivity, and social interaction
  • Location characteristics such as climate and natural disasters

Sources used to create our list: 

Note: This article was not paid for nor sponsored. StudyFinds is not connected to nor partnered with any of the brands mentioned and receives no compensation for its recommendations. This article may contain affiliate links in which we receive a commission if you make a purchase.

About StudyFinds Staff

StudyFinds sets out to find new research that speaks to mass audiences — without all the scientific jargon. The stories we publish are digestible, summarized versions of research that are intended to inform the reader as well as stir civil, educated debate. StudyFinds Staff articles are AI assisted, but always thoroughly reviewed and edited by a Study Finds staff member. Read our AI Policy for more information.

Our Editorial Process

StudyFinds publishes digestible, agenda-free, transparent research summaries that are intended to inform the reader as well as stir civil, educated debate. We do not agree nor disagree with any of the studies we post, rather, we encourage our readers to debate the veracity of the findings themselves. All articles published on StudyFinds are vetted by our editors prior to publication and include links back to the source or corresponding journal article, if possible.

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Associate Editor


  1. MissKitty says:

    You forgot this report from the Blaze taxing your private water wells:

    Under the authority of California’s infamous Governor Gavin Newsom (D) and Secretary for Environmental Protection Jared Blumenfeld, California’s Water Boards will not only require owners of private wells to report every drop of water they extract from their own property, but they will also charge the property owners for the privilege of doing so, according to a recent California Globe report.

    An unnamed source told the Globe that Natalie Stork, a state water control official, “quietly” delivered a shocking letter to private well owners, which reads, “Landowners whose property is within an unmanaged area and contains an operating groundwater extraction well must report the volume of groundwater extracted from the well. The groundwater extraction volume must be reported as a monthly total. In addition to pumping volumes, reports must include the location of the well and the place and purpose of use of the groundwater.”

    The letter goes on to inform the property owners of a list of “filing fees” that they will be required to pay to the government for the water they are required to report to the government.

    1. KC says:

      NM at least in our county does require reporting usage total every quarter, but no fees at all. Exceeding the water limit would require fees but it is so beyond what we use and the aquifer is so large, not in our lifetime~we live in a very conservative area and the sheriff along with most of the sheriffs in NM our very protective over gun rights along with old Mexican families that are avid hunters. Red flag gun laws don’t go anywhere here. the climate can be brutal especially in the mountains so reading one commenter, not for the faint of heart but for people that are tough-minded and in good shape~the future will at least require that~

  2. ROY SMITH says:

    Don’t come to AL! There are 7 poisonous snakes in US, and AL has 9 of them. Chiggers (red bugs), ticks, wasps, yellowjackets, hornets, bears, coyotes, bobcats, and mountain lions.

    1. Kristy says:

      Sounds Inviting

    2. David Thompson says:

      You forgot Hillary Clinton. Her daughter resembles a snake, of sorts.

    3. BP says:

      I’ve been to AL and the worst thing is that it is one of the most backward states, Mississippi and Louisiana … because they are filled with rotten people who hold on to the past and their hate. Don’t set foot in any of those states unless you are going to New Orleans for Mardi Gras.

  3. Grady Graves says:

    ✋️Sorry, folks. Alabama is closed.🤓

    1. T.chubs says:

      Please close Tennessee also. Door locked

  4. Lemmbone says:

    I’m surprise that this article didn’t mention places that solar panels are welcome. Such as Oklahoma. Perfect place for off the grid in the country. I’m almost off the grid which I’m really surprised to see. It was not mentioned.

  5. Anastasia says:

    I’m surprised Hawaii didn’t make the list. I’ve lived off grid extremely cheaply in Hawaii for years. Growing our own fruits and vegetables year around because there’s no cold season. Plenty of sunshine that runs our entire house including television with 15 year old antenna from Radio Shack that gives us 23 channels for free. Catchment water (free). Beach time 365 days a year.

    1. Kelly says:

      Sounds the best place to me!

    2. Deb says:

      Sounds wonderful! I wouldn’t mind living off the grid but it has to be warm, Hawaii would be the perfect place to do so!

    3. David Thompson says:

      Hawaii is a first nuclear weapons strike location. The navy has its ship docks. Also a forward military bases.
      The natives hate white people, more so after the economic collapse.

    4. David Thompson says:

      Hawaii is a first nuclear weapons strike location. The navy has its ship docks. Also a forward military bases.

    5. BP says:

      I heard you can live cheaply in Hawaii, off-grid, but that if you want to buy land the only affordable land is on the rainy side of the mountain and it rains constantly there.

  6. Grizzly Gem says:

    An overlooked factor is the quality and behavior of your neighbors. I lived off grid the better part of four years. Most of my neighbors were very simple, very uneducated folks. Some were sweet but just as many were dangerous. I pulled a gun several times to let it be known I was not one to be messed with. In turn one of them torched my cabin. Weather extremes can be vicious. I dealt with several flash floods, one forest fire, and seventeen below. It’s not for the naive or anyone lacking a lot of tools or building skills. It was tough but I do miss it.

    1. WILLIAM says:

      LOL!! Yes they will!!!

  7. JHM in Butte County says:

    You can be completely off the grid in California. You don’t have to hook your system up to PG&E. North State the Sierra Nevada Gold Country have plenty of people with off the grid properties.

  8. Nick says:

    As soon as i read California i knew this was a bs article and there was no “expert “

    1. WILLIAM says:

      Dang article lost all credibility once California was listed as #2… full of it!

      1. T.chubs says:

        Agreed! Where the heck did commifornia come from?

      2. T.chubs says:

        Agreed. California???

      3. Rita says:


      4. Homeless Man says:

        There are more off-grid people in California than in any other continental state in the union. There are tent cities as far as the eye can see.

      5. Kristy says:

        I absolutely agree., No way is California a way to live off grid., I mean like where Hollywood lol.

    2. Rita says:


  9. Workstoomuch says:

    Why isn’t west virginia ever mentioned, I’m retiring in a few years, in florida my whole life and want to move. Would appreciate factual comments.

    1. Honest person says:

      No work here in west Virginia it has lowest unemployment in whole USA with 52.5 of the working age from 16-65 actually working. The pay is very crappy what I would make in any other state doing same job at $20 an hour you make $12 here. Very poor state and very high rent in Morgantown WV. Overall very poor choice I made to come here can’t wait to leave!!!

  10. ALAN DI STEFANO says:

    You should have included Nevada (mostly northern Nevada) in you list. We have a large totally off-grid ranch in Northern Nevada with our own solar system, well, and septic. We use propane for fuel and heating and it is the only thing we have to buy. We also have a trout stream that runs 1,600 ft. through our property. We also have our own fruit orchards watered by the water from our stream (we have water rights to the stream). We also have our own vegetable garden and we from up to 17 varieties of vegetables. We live in one of the three best hunting areas in the state and we have deer, elk, antelope, mountain lions, bobcats, and big horn sheep. As far as bird hunting we have chukar, sage grouse, quail, doves, and pheasants on our property and wild turkeys nearby. We live off a Forest Service road and are only one mile from the base of a mountain range that has 4 peaks over 9,000 ft. Our neighbors grow alfalfa and raise cattle, sheep and goats. It is very quite here and the nearest town is 35 miles away. The air is so pure that you can easily see 50 miles on almost any day and the sky is filled with stars on dark nights. Most people only think of Nevada as desert (that is true in Southern Nevada) but Northern Nevada is more like Idaho, Oregon and Colorado. We also have no state tax in Nevada and the cost of living is very reasonable.

  11. Jim Bokan says:

    Lived OFF-GRID nearly 28 years now in NW Arizona, 6-1/2 Acres, Beautiful Pine, Juniper & Cedar Trees.
    Nearest Hwy is Old Rte. 66. Recommend 4wd Vehicles. Property Tax is Low .
    Recommend Windpower & Solar from Missouri Wind & Solar (417) 708-5359